By Howard R. Turner
Throughout the Golden Age of Islam (seventh via 17th centuries A.D.), Muslim philosophers and poets, artists and scientists, princes and employees created a distinct tradition that has inspired societies on each continent. This publication bargains an absolutely illustrated, hugely obtainable advent to an incredible element of that culture--the medical achievements of medieval Islam. Howard Turner opens with a historic evaluation of the unfold of Islamic civilization from the Arabian peninsula eastward to India and westward throughout northern Africa into Spain. He describes how a keenness for wisdom led the Muslims in the course of their centuries of empire-building to assimilate and extend the clinical wisdom of older cultures, together with these of Greece, India, and China. He explores medieval Islamic accomplishments in cosmology, arithmetic, astronomy, astrology, geography, drugs, common sciences, alchemy, and optics. He additionally exhibits the ways that Muslim medical fulfillment encouraged the development of technological know-how within the Western international from the Renaissance to the trendy period. This survey of old Muslim medical achievements bargains scholars and normal readers a window into one of many world's nice cultures, one that is experiencing a extraordinary resurgence as a spiritual, political, and social strength in our personal time.
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Extra info for Science in Medieval Islam: An Illustrated Introduction
His temper was violent and passionate; he could bear no attack on the ideas which were dear to him, and became combative as soon as he thought them threatened. His was a wrestler's temperament; obstacles exasperated his energy and he went straight for them, pursuing his object with an invincible tenacity; he never gave up a problem, however difficult, and never hesitated to face any sacrifice or any privation if he thought them necessaiy. ( Life, p. 96) Metchnikoff returned to Odessa in 1872 (and remained on the university faculty until 1882).
Science will solve them some day. ( Life, p. 270) Metchnikoff's Autobiographical Retrospection of His Phagocytosis Hypothesis Dealing with the history of the phagocytosis hypothesis, one must be cautious concerning Metchnikoff's retrospective attempts to reconstruct its history. A complete account is found in the biography written by his wife, but the true coauthor of this work was Elie Metchnikoff himself: Often [recalls Olga Metchnikoff], when he was not too tired, he would sit comfortably in his armchair and recount to me with his usual spirit and animation some period or episode of his past.
Lancelet, a Chordata, has larvae that are similar to those of invertebrates, and Kowalevsky extended these observations to other lower metazoans, obtaining similar results. Metchnikoff first met Kowalevsky during the summer of 1865 in Naples. He recalled, "In Naples I was able to be convinced with my own eyes in the truth and importance of the discovery of the lancelet larvae" (20, p. 24). The discovery, according to Metchnikoff's testament, firmly established the fact that "vertebrates and invertebrates are connected by the indissoluble link of wandering by cilia lancelet larvae" (20, p.
Science in Medieval Islam: An Illustrated Introduction by Howard R. Turner