By H.S.W. Massey (Eds.)
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Additional resources for Applied Atomic Collision Physics. Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry
Photochemistry of Mid latitude Ionosphere 600 X 560 520 480 \x X 440 400 360 320 ^i 280 240 \ ^ \ \ Ne ^x 200 160 120 o ön 10 b xj—x2: 10' 1 I 10B 10y ION PRODUCTION RATE (rrr 3 10 1U 1 s" ) Fig. 2. Rate of production of electrons and various positive ions in the midday ionosphere according to the model of Ali and Kepple (1973). 36 nm and by Swider (1969) at shorter wavelengths, for a quiet sun in the absence of flares. The former data, which are the most important for ionospheric application, agree quite well with the standard data given by Hinteregger (1976).
Within the observing region oxygen is mainly monatomic and, therefore, highly reactive. With a closed source mass spectrometer, most of the incoming atomic oxygen will react on the surfaces before ionization. Indeed, there is strong evidence that 26 H. S. W. " In an open source instrument, it seems that with surfaces only briefly exposed to low pressure conditions, as in rocket flights, most of the atomic oxygen reaches the ionizing chamber without reaction. However, for surfaces exposed over a long period, it seems that effectively all of the atoms recombine to form 0 2 before ionization, just as with a closed source instrument.
19). Turning now to 0 2 , we note first that the problem of ensuring in afterglow measurements that the ions are in their ground electronic and vibrational states is more difficult than for N 2 . In addition, precautions must be taken to avoid complications due to negative ion formation. Static afterglow measurements have been made by Kasner and Biondi (1968) and by Smith and Goodall (1968) for Te - T, Mehr and Biondi (1969) (300 < Te < 4000 K) and Sayers (1956) (T e = 3200 K, T = 300 K). Cunningham and Hobson (1972b), using their shock tube technique, obtained results for Te = T ranging from 600 to 2500 K.
Applied Atomic Collision Physics. Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry by H.S.W. Massey (Eds.)