New PDF release: An Introduction to Nuclear Materials: Fundamentals and

By K. Linga Murty

ISBN-10: 3527412018

ISBN-13: 9783527412013

Covering either primary and complex points in an available manner, this textbook starts off with an summary of nuclear reactor structures, aiding readers to familiarize themselves with the numerous designs. Then the readers are brought to diversified percentages for fabrics functions within the a variety of sections of nuclear power platforms. fabrics choice and existence prediction methodologies for nuclear reactors also are offered with regards to creep, corrosion and different degradation mechanisms. An appendix compiles valuable estate facts appropriate for nuclear reactor applications.

Throughout the ebook, there's a thorough assurance of assorted fabrics technology ideas, reminiscent of actual and mechanical metallurgy, defects and diffusion and radiation results on fabrics, with critical efforts made to set up structure-property correlations anyplace attainable. With its emphasis at the most modern advancements and remarkable difficulties within the box, this can be either a priceless advent and a prepared reference for rookies and skilled practitioners alike.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Nuclear Materials: Fundamentals and Applications

Example text

4 including information on the type (fast or thermal spectrum) of the reactor, coolants, and approximate core outlet temperatures. 15a and b, respectively). VHTR is the reactor concept employed for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant program where the heat generated will cogenerate electricity and hydrogen. The demanding service conditions (higher neutron doses, exposure to higher temperatures, and corrosive environments) that the structural components will experience in these reactors would pose a significant challenge for the structural materials selection and qualification efforts.

A) Zirconium and hafnium both have crystal structures (HCP) in the general operating regimes of LWRs. Naturally occurring Zr always has some Hf (1–3 wt%) in it. Hf-containing Zr alloys are very common in chemical industries but not in nuclear industries. Why? b) What is the main application of Zr alloys in LWRs? What are the various functions of this reactor component? What are the reasons that make Zr alloys suitable for such use? What are the two main zirconium alloys used in light water reactors?

The control material is in the shape of blades arranged through the fuel assembly in the form of a cruciform and is generally made of B4C dispersed in 304-type stainless steel matrix or hafnium, or a combination of both. Water is passed through the reactor core producing high-quality steam and dried at the top of the reactor vessel. The BWR operates at a pressure of about 7 MPa and the normal steam temperature is 290–330  C. 3 contain relevant information on PWRs and various types of BWRs. 3 Operating parameters and design features of BWRs.

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An Introduction to Nuclear Materials: Fundamentals and Applications by K. Linga Murty


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