By Carol S. Leonard
This publication examines the heritage of reforms and significant kingdom interventions affecting Russian agriculture: the abolition of serfdom in 1861, the Stolypin reforms, the NEP, the Collectivization, Khrushchev reforms, and eventually farm company privatization within the early Nineteen Nineties. It indicates a trend rising from a political valuable in imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet regimes, and it describes how those reforms have been justified within the identify of the nationwide curiosity in the course of critical crises - speedy inflation, army defeat, mass moves, rural unrest, and/or political turmoil. It appears to be like on the effects of adversity within the financial atmosphere for rural habit after reform and at long-run developments. It has chapters on estate rights, rural association, and technological switch. It offers a brand new database for measuring agricultural productiveness from 1861 to 1913 and updates those estimates to the current. This e-book is a learn of the rules aimed toward reorganizing rural construction and their effectiveness in remodeling associations.
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Extra info for Agrarian Reform in Russia: The Road from Serfdom
They explore in greater depth the evolution of rural economic institutions and technological advancement. Chapter 7 compares the effectiveness of individual reforms and weighs their cumulative impact on the productivity of Russian agriculture. The conclusion brings together the issues raised by the short-run productivity effects and long-run organizational continuities in Russian agriculture. It asks, again, from the perspective of a close look at the evidence, about the role of Russia’s rural collectivist institutions in determining long-run growth patterns in agriculture.
The nobles and the government responded harshly to resistance and imposed their will by force. Indeed, part of the legacy of that era is the force used by local authorities and the conviction that serfs were unable to manage their own affairs. This impression was strengthened by widespread resort to passive resistance, evidence of the classical agency problem and high costs of this regime. The ﬁscal inefﬁciency of agriculture under serfdom, for this reason, was probably of greater concern to the government than the threat of massive rebellion, since the poll tax (per capita) could scarcely be raised.
Kafengauz, compiled when he was in prison in 1930 but published only in 1994, uses a larger number of goods and prices, making these western estimates by A. Gerschenkron (1952), R. Goldsmith (1955), and W. Nutter (1962) based on Kondratieff misleading. Indices published by N. D. Kondratieff in Ekonomicheskii biuleten’ (1926) and by L. V. Kafengauz (1994). See L. I. Borodkin, “O promyshlennom rosti dorevoliutsionnoi Rossii,” Ekonomicheskaia istoriia, Obozrenie, Vypusk 12, Trudy istoricheskogo fakul’teta MGU, 35 (2006), p.
Agrarian Reform in Russia: The Road from Serfdom by Carol S. Leonard