Download PDF by Matthew Grant (auth.): After the Bomb: Civil Defence and Nuclear War in Britain,

By Matthew Grant (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230274048

ISBN-13: 9780230274044

ISBN-10: 134930204X

ISBN-13: 9781349302048

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Additional resources for After the Bomb: Civil Defence and Nuclear War in Britain, 1945–68

Sample text

This was made through the issuing of Regulations as Statutory Instruments. The first set of regulations, ‘The Civil Defence (General) Regulations, 1949’,113 and ‘The Civil Defence Corps Regulations, 1949’,114 were issued on 27 July 1949, and came into force on 10 August 1949. 116 Conclusion At the end of 1948, the British Government had a long-term civil defence plan outlined, but hardly in place. It had taken three years of slow thought, firstly to understand the implications of the atomic bomb, then to apply those implications to civil defence.

Thirdly, evacuation was a major problem. 91 Evacuation would certainly have been called for by the public, and some evacuation plan, even if it was limited, would have helped bolster morale had war come. Moreover, the lack of other detailed life-saving plans would have made evacuation even more important. 92 Only expectant mothers and school children from key target areas would be evacuated at first, and discussions would have to take place with local authorities and voluntary groups such as the Women’s Voluntary Service and the British Red Cross, concerning billeting and feeding.

2 Preparing for a Third World War After the Berlin scare, British civil defence planners returned to drafting plans to meet a long-term emergency with all short-term planning designed to make progress to that end. The planning assumption that Britain would not face attack by atomic weapons in the first phase of the war became redundant when the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb in August 1949, but the advent of Stalin’s bomb did not change the basic belief that long-term civil defence plans should be implemented with a view to war breaking out in 1957, not before.

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After the Bomb: Civil Defence and Nuclear War in Britain, 1945–68 by Matthew Grant (auth.)


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