A-Z of Modern Europe, 1789-1999 - download pdf or read online

By Martin Polley

ISBN-10: 0203185919

ISBN-13: 9780203185919

ISBN-10: 0415185971

ISBN-13: 9780415185974

An A-Z of recent Europe 1789-1999 is a entire dictionary which defines glossy Europe via its vital occasions and folks. It comprises entries on:
* key humans from Napoleon Bonaparte to Hitler
* key political and armed forces events
* influential political, social, cultural and financial theories.
An A-Z of recent Europe 1789-1999 deals available and concise definitions of approximately one thousand separate goods. The publication is cross-referenced and hence presents linked hyperlinks and connections whereas the appendices include crucial additional info. The ebook comprises 5 useful maps to lead the reader alongside.

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France gained the Ionian Islands, and its western frontiers were recognised. The Habsburg empire kept Venice, part of Venezia, and its Adriatic territories. The treaty also contained secret clauses which gave French recognition to Habsburg claims for Bavaria and Salzburg, in return for the Habsburg evacuation of its defences at Mainz. The treaty was significant in bringing an end to the first main stage of the French Revolutionary Wars, allowing France to concentrate on its war against Great Britain.

He was supported in this move by the Prime Minister, Iuliu Maniu. He maintained the role of a constitutional monarch until 1937, but then moved towards a corporate-style royal dictatorship, influenced by FASCISM, by assuming full political control and closing down political parties in February 1938. Carol’s foreign policy was designed to keep Romania out of 23 military commitments, and he aimed to gain HITLER’S protection by supplying Germany with oil. However, Hitler refused to provide any support when Romania was faced with territorial demands in the realignments that followed the NAZI-SOVIET PACT of August 1939, and Romania lost significant territories to Bulgaria, Hungary and the USSR.

He reformed the army, dissolved the Diet, and established a strong government. It was from this position that he initiated policies which helped to secure Prussian domination of the German states. GERMAN UNIFICATION under Prussian leadership was gained during the 1860s and early 1870s through a series of wars and alliances, in which Bismarck played a leading role. Bismarck became Imperial Chancellor of the newly unified Germany in 1871. His domestic policies maintained a strong central governmental style, with opposing groups, including Catholics and socialists, often marginalised (see ANTISOCIALIST LAWS, KULTURKAMPF).

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A-Z of Modern Europe, 1789-1999 by Martin Polley

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