Publish 12 months note: First released in 1976
A New background of Ireland is the biggest scholarly undertaking in glossy Irish heritage. In nine volumes, it offers a accomplished new synthesis of recent scholarship on each point of Irish historical past and prehistory, from the earliest geological and archaeological facts, in the course of the heart a long time, right down to the current day.
The 3rd quantity opens with a personality learn of early smooth eire and a breathtaking survey of eire in 1534, through twelve chapters of narrative background. There are extra chapters at the economic system, the coinage, languages and literature, and the Irish in another country. surveys, 'Land and People', c.1600 and c.1685, are integrated.
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Additional info for A New History of Ireland (Volume 3: Early Modern Ireland, 1534-1691)
The sack of Havana by French Huguenot corsairs led by Jacques de Sores in 1555. qxb:GNM: Piracy 6/13/11 8:59 AM Page 50 PIRATES While this process was repeated several times over the next four decades, the political status quo in Europe dictated against English interference in the Spanish Main. After all, France remained the great rival to Henry VIII’s England, and so an alliance with France’s greatest rival, Spain, made sound political sense. Trading expeditions to the Spanish Main were forbidden, and while the French made the most of these opportunities for plunder, the English had to content themselves with privateering operations closer to home.
The Spanish were out of luck. Within hours the five ships overhauled two of the Spaniards and threatened to board. Outmatched, the Spanish were forced to surrender. The trio of mystery ships turned out to be a squadron of French privateers under the command of the corsair Jean Fleury (or Florin) of Honfleur. To the French, corsair was synonymous with privateer; the word was derived from the French term la course, which in nautical terms meant a cruise. France and Spain had been intermittently at war with each other since 1495, and by 1523 the French army was on the defensive in northern Italy, fighting a campaign that would culminate in the great French disaster at Pavia (1525).
After making landfall in the Leeward Islands his force of ten ships cruised westwards, attacking several small coastal settlements on Puerto Rico and Hispaniola as he went. In early 1554 he fell on Santiago de Cuba, capturing the town, then holding it for a month. Although le Clerc returned home with his plunder—sacking Las Palmas in the Canary Islands on the way—one of his captains, Jacques de Sores, remained in the Caribbean, where he commanded a small force of three privateers. After cruising and raiding off the coast of Venezuela he headed back north, and in July 1555 de Sores descended on Havana.
A New History of Ireland (Volume 3: Early Modern Ireland, 1534-1691)