By Tom Lansford Ph.D.
This publication analyzes the complicated motives and results of the September eleven, 2001, terrorist assaults either locally and the world over, and examines the next wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
• presents insightful costs from modern figures and first files starting from Osama bin Laden's 1998 fatwa opposed to the USA to the 2006 Iraq learn team Report
• includes 12 biographies starting from Osama bin encumbered to George W. Bush that offer specified heritage on very important figures from the era
• offers a chronology of occasions from the Nineteen Seventies to the current day, together with occurrences resulting in the September eleven, 2001, assaults and the Iraq War
• features a opt for bibliography of significant works at the September eleven, 2001, assaults; the conflict in Iraq; place of birth safety; and the conflict on terror
• incorporates a precise thesaurus of key words equivalent to "Shiite" and "weapons of mass destruction"
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Additional resources for 9/11 and the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. A Chronology and Reference Guide
He attempted to reassure Muslims that any military action would not be a war against Islam, but an effort only to punish the perpetrators of the attacks. Bush used the term “war on terror,” which was subsequently used to describe the broad counterterrorism campaign led by the United States. Bush declared, “Our war on terror begins with al Qaeda, but it does not end there. ”3 The United States was simultaneously working with allies such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to convince the Taliban to turn over the al Qaeda leader.
There were limitations on what books could be owned, and kite ﬂying, a very popular pastime, was banned. Men were required to grow their beards and wear Islamic garb. Women were not allowed to work, go to school (all schools for girls were closed), or travel in public transportation. Women were also forbidden from wearing makeup of any kind and had to wear a burqa (a head-to-toe garment that completely covered the body, except for the eyes) in public. Women could not leave their home without permission from their husband or other male family members, nor speak to any males if they were not related.
The leader of the terrorist cell was Mohammad Atta. Atta, an Egyptian, became associated with radical Islamic The 9/11 Attacks extremists in the early 1990s and even more closely linked while studying in Hamburg, Germany. Several of the 9/11 hijackers became acquaintances while attending the Al-Quds Mosque in Hamburg. The mosque was founded in 1993 and quickly became a center for radical, extremist Islam. Several members of the mosque formed what became known as the Hamburg Cell, an al Qaeda terrorist group.
9/11 and the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. A Chronology and Reference Guide by Tom Lansford Ph.D.